Le MRAP au Conseil des Droits de l'Homme aux Nations Unies
"Le MRAP déploré la discrimination économique et politique dont sont victimes plusieurs minorités en Iran, notamment les Baloutches, les Arabes et les Kurdes. Le représentant a attiré l'attention du Conseil sur la situation de M. Mohammad Kabudvand. Défenseur des droits de l'homme kurde, fondateur de l'organisation des droits de l'homme du Kurdistan, M. Kabudvand a été condamné à dix ans de prison au terme d'un procès à huis-clos notamment pour «propagande contre la république islamique»: il a en réalité pris contact avec des organisations internationales de droits de l'homme."
Source : le blog de Freddy Mulongo
qui n 'a retenu que le point concernant l'Iran.
Texte intégral de l'intervention :
Human Rights Council
Item 3 - Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development
Report of the Independent Expert on Minority Issues
MRAP takes note with great interest of the first report presented by Mrs. Rita Izsák and congratulates her for the subjects she has chosen as priorities for her work for the period 2012-2014.
Today, we would like bring the attention of the Independent Expert on the Uyghur Muslim minority in the People’s Republic of China. MRAP is very concerned about the Chinese government´s failure to grant the Uyghur people in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), China, access to education in their own language, while the Regional Ethnic Autonomy Law (REAL) entitles minorities to use and develop their own languages, including in education. The so-called “bilingual” education policy not only threatens the survival of the Uyghur language, but also intends to forcibly assimilate the Uyghur people into Han culture.
Under state-sponsored labor transfer programs Uyghur women are forced to work in urban factories in Inner China. The government focuses its aggressive recruitment efforts primarily on young, marriage-age Uyghur women and girls from predominantly Uyghur areas such as southern Xinjiang. Under this program, thousands of Uyghur women and young girls have been removed from their communities and families in the XUAR and placed into abusive and poor working conditions that include physical and psychological ill treatment. The forcible transfer of Uyghur women has coincided with the resettlement of ethnic Han Chinese in Xinjiang being part of a larger assimilation policy promoted by the Chinese government.
On the situation of the Tibetan minority, we invite the Independent Expert to refer to the written statement MRAP submitted to the Council (A/HRC/19/NGO/27).
We wish also bring the attention of the Independent Expert on the situation of the national minorities in the Islamic Republic of Iran. As the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) noted in August 2010, the definition of racial discrimination in article 19 of the Iranian Constitution does not explicitly cover the forms of racial and ethnic discrimination prohibited under the Convention. (art. 1).
This established fact is a manifestation of the persistent and widespread violations of the fundamental rights and freedoms of national minorities in Iran.
Despite article 15 of the Iranian Constitution and article 27 of the ICCPR, the Ahwaz, Baloch, Kurds and Southern Azerbaijanis face harsh difficulties in exercising their rights to use their own language, in private and in public.
Despite Al-Ahwaz being one of the richest regions for natural resources in Iran, the Ahwazi Arabs continue to live in deplorable conditions; many of them live in areas where unemployment can reach up to 50%. The majority of Ahwazi villageslack schools and over 70% of Ahwazi Arab students drop out from secondary school due to not being able to learn in their native language.
We really hope that Mrs. Izsák will be able to visit minorities in the People’s Republic of China as well as in the Islamic Republic of Iran during her first mandate.
I thank you, Madame President.
13 March 2012